How federalism works: Federal form of government in the Philippines, explained - Our Daily Revelations PH

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How federalism works: Federal form of government in the Philippines, explained


Photo credit to kami.com.ph/Concept News Central

Philippines have long debated the issue on a Federal System of government way before the current administration’s strategy of putting it to an effect. FEDERALISM remains a predominant topic among Filipinos to date with hopes that it shall improve our quality of life and develop a better – sounding economy.
The government has had attempts in the past for a REFORM with which former President Gloria Macapagal – Arroyo strongly recommended in achieving the goals of the proposed Charter Change (CHACHA). 

The attempt, however executed, have failed over time despite various hearings because opposition from different sectors believes that the reform will only extend one’s term particularly to that of Arroyo’s.


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Today’s President Rodrigo Duterte aims towards the deployment of Federalism to its effectivity in his six – year term which he believes that the idea should push for the long – stunted development in the provinces and to ultimately diminish corruption down to the local government.

Since we are currently under a Unitary Form of Government, our autonomous regions, provinces, municipalities and barangays can only exercise powers and enact policies based on the delegation from the Central Government, having to attain the highest governing power.

To understand what we are about to deal with, let’s compare the difference between a FEDERAL and a UNITARY form of Government. Though the idea behind the two (2) forms government is about budget appropriation and distribution of authority, each possesses a positive contribution for the country or an underlying drawback. Simply put, Unitary Form of government puts its power into a single authority while Federal links to local governing bodies under the roof of the National Government.


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Photo credit to kami.com.ph
UNITARY GOVERNMENT (Current Setup)

* Only 1 Level of Government (Central/National)
* Political Power held by Central Government
* Flexible & Uncodified Constitution
* Only 1 Set of Laws applicable for the entire country
* Central Government controls Annual Budget
* Taxation controlled by Central Government

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

* 2 Levels of Government (Central/National)
* Political Power shared by Federal & State Governments
* Rigid & Codified Constitution
* Federal (National) and State Laws applied
* Each State has capacity for individual development w/out the need of endorsement from Central Gov’t.
* Taxation controlled by State Government

Moving forward, President Duterte sees Federalism as a possible solution to the long withstanding conflict persisting in Mindanao instead of only implementing the Bangsamoro Basic Law, which according to him in a statement, "nothing short can bring peace in Mindanao."

One major concern with Federalism, when attained, is that competitions between ‘states’ can be predominant and can quickly become unhealthy, leading to ‘regionalism’ which is already an obstacle to the country’s stand on unity. Hence, some states may develop faster than the other without the needed support from the National Government.

The transition alone requires extensive time and effort from both the citizens and governments alike. The President must ensure that the division of authorities and responsibilities shall satisfy both the state and the citizens and be able to motivate the people to work together towards developing a federalist country and still learn how to co – exist with other member states, despite growth and cultural differences.

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Source:  kami.com.ph
How federalism works: Federal form of government in the Philippines, explained Reviewed by Unknown on June 16, 2018 Rating: 5 Photo credit to kami.com.ph/Concept News Central Philippines have long debated the issue on a Federal System of government way before...

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